Knowing these patterns is going to be key if you’re going to give yourself the best overall odds of success trading. To trade the pattern takes time and see what works and what does not. Use support and resistance levels to increase the accuracy of the pattern.


  • A more complicated approach is to use Fibonacci ratios to determine D.
  • Go to the Withdrawal page on the website or the Finances section of the FBS Personal Area and access Withdrawal.
  • Of course, there will be times when an exception to the pattern proves the rule, but to avoid heavy losses, it is best to adhere to it.
  • In short, they are looking for an opportunity to buy in a market that is falling and looking for a short sell opportunity in a market that is rising.

Therefore, if you enter a $100 position and have a stop-loss order at $90, your take-profit order should be at $120, double the amount you stand to lose. If you have ever had any interest in the financial markets, you have no doubt seen a price chart before. In these circumstances, an investor will wait too long or jump too soon, thereby missing out on the top-end of the stock’s profit-making capabilities. In such a fast-paced environment as stock trading, this can happen all too fast, so it can be beneficial to set an alert for this one too. In the ABCD pattern, each letter represents a significant high or low in the price shown in the stock graph, meaning that it is relatively easy to find and follow. Each pattern leg is usually within a range of 3-13 bars/candles.

ABCD pattern trading strategy

Therefore, if any of the of the pattern are formed outside of that time frame, then the validity of the pattern is questionable. It is particularly important as it appears very frequently in stock charts. Price movements regularly deviate from potential trading patterns, and the security price may behave differently than the pattern may suggest. Traders should always remember to effectively manage their risk with stop-loss orders and proper capital allocation. Active traders would be well advised to commit this phrase to memory.


Technical analysts interpret these patterns in an attempt to predict future price movements. The basis of this belief is largely founded in human psychology and herd behavior. This is a market pattern because of similar waves formation many times in history. As with any pattern, only trade the best setups and at the right time of day.

What is the AB=CD Candlestick Pattern?

The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. A second disadvantage stems from the fact that stock price moves are rarely as neat and precise as those shown in our images of the ABCD pattern. Therefore, the price movement within the pattern may vary a bit, making it harder to identify. If the pattern holds, the trend should reverse at , and your short position should become possible. The ABCD pattern can indicate either bullish or bearish reversals depending on the configuration of the pattern.

It works well for both bulls and bears who want to observe a combination of shape, price, and time under a single pattern. The ABCD pattern combines the same timeframe, price, and form. When the three elements merge at one point, the pattern generates an electric move that traders can use to identify potential reversal zones and retrace their steps.

The CD leg should be an extension of AB between 127.2% to 161.8%. For the pattern to emerge, the price travels from A to B and then C to D. I am a professional Price Action retail trader and Speculator with expertise in Risk Management, Trade Management, and Hedging. Start by focusing on the two or three patterns that make the most logical sense to you.

Traders utilize the Fibonacci tool to find the pattern on the chart. If you’ve never built a trading strategy, your next step should be reading our guide on trading strategies and developing a playbook. In this example an inverted pin bar forms which could have been you’re trigger to go long. Candlestick charts can trace their roots all the way back to the 18th century and Japanese rice traders. The Cup & Handle pattern was first defined by swing traders a long time ago. A bullish head and shoulders pattern is nothing more than a price rejection on a retest of lows.

When it comes to harmonics, trading forex is very similar to the animal world. We use the information you provide to contact you about your membership with us and to provide you with relevant content. As for stop loss placement, you can place your stop-loss order below the D point as a break below this level invalidates the ABCD pattern. With that in mind, let’s see two examples of the ABCD pattern – bullish and bearish. Trading Strategies Learn the most used Forex trading strategies to analyze the market to determine the best entry and exit points.

time frame should consider the rules for confirming the pattern and not confuse it with price highs and lows. The reason is that it’s rooted in the Fibonacci sequence – a process that involves dividing one number by another in sequence as part of a pattern. Each part of the pattern is like Fibonacci numbers and represents short-term consolidation against the trend.

The pattern is essentially the opposite of the bullish pattern, rising where the bull pattern falls and falling where the bull pattern rises. At , the uptrend should reverse and begin to turn into a downtrend. In the end, though, no pattern is ever 100% accurate 100% of the time, and thus the ABCD pattern is by no means fool-proof and should be used critically. If the stock holds support at C, I enter the trade as close to the price of C as possible. Pattern appears in a bullish and bearish form and gives reversal opportunities for a trader.

Hanging Man Candlestick Pattern (How to Trade and Examples)

And from my experience, ABCD patterns have an extremely high probability of occurring in any stock, and I see them everywhere. When the price comes to the D point you can expect the price to reverse and change direction. You can expect the price to move DOWN where you need to enter into sell order. ABCD pattern will show you when the market will reverse by making D point on the chart.


The first leg starts from the bottom of a downtrend and then rises but does not reach or exceed the beginning of the downtrend . The longer the timeframe, the better would be the formation of the ABCD pattern. Forex.Academy is a free news and research website, offering educational information to those who are interested in Forex trading. Loose definitions lead to strategies that aren’t repeatable, and red trading accounts.

TOOLS consolidates and forms a pennant, constricting price into a tighter range. The sellers eventually become exhausted and price breaks out and continues the uptrend. In the above bullish pennant you can see once again we have an initial uptrend followed by a period of consolidation. Bullish and bearish pennants are very similar to flag patterns but price consolidates sideways rather than continuing to retrace.

These patterns are based off human emotions and there isn’t one time frame that is better than another. The ABCD Pattern can be found on a lot of heavily traded stocks, regularly. You can see that there are patterns forming up within the ABCD pattern here. There are bull flags, double tops and cup and handles that make up the price action.

Take the reciprocal of the ABC retrace and multiply it by the length of the BC leg. The measure rule target provided by the calculation, if the pattern works, will be point D. Find the ABC retrace which obeys one of the Fibonacci ratios listed in the previous table. Because the CD leg is supposed to equal the length of leg AB, if we know the length of AB, we can compute point D.

Like the three-drive pattern, the Gartley pattern is a type of ABCD with an extra leg. However, with a Gartley the additional move comes in the form of a significant high or low before point A – usually referred to as point X. This move from X to A is the prevailing trend, which should continue when a Gartley completes.

Bullish ABCD Pattern Characteristics (buy at point D)

The four components are outlined in the bullish head and shoulders example above. Sellers eventually step in slowing the move down and price begins to consolidate and retrace . An easy way to picture consolidation is to think of it as a spring. The longer price consolidates, the more compressed the spring will become. I’m going to teach you several different types of patterns including Consolidation Patterns, Structural Patterns, and Candlestick Patterns. Generally, volume tends to be low while a stock is consolidating and you ought to consider this a red flag when using this pattern.