balance sheet vs income statement

A non-operating expense is unrelated to the main business operations such as depreciation or interest charges. Similarly, operating revenue is revenue generated from primary business activities while non-operating revenue is revenue not relating to core business activities. The balance sheet is a financial statement comprised ofassets, liabilities, and equityat the end of an accounting period.

ScaleFactor is on a mission to remove the barriers to financial clarity that every business owner faces. Accounts payable are short-term debt owed by Apple to suppliers, which came to $49 billion. The top section contains current assets, which are short-term assets typically used up in one year or less. To best analyze the key areas of the balance sheet and what they tell us as investors, we’ll look at an example. Vishal Sanjay is a content writer with a passion for finance, business, and investments. With a background in accounting, he revels in digging deep into complex topics to create elegant and engaging articles that inspire readers to take action.


Companies with balance sheets that present the absolute debt level at the half year or year end, but are subject to seasonal debt inflation, may appear stronger financially than they actually are. It’s a lot to take in, especially if financial statements are not your thing. After all, you took the biggest leap and became a solo entrepreneur! If your expenses were higher than your revenue, your business ran at a loss for that period. This can be a bit of a bummer, but good intel to have so you can adjust accordingly. These three financial statements are intricately linked to one another.

In contrast, the balance sheet is a snapshot of the company’s assets and liabilities at a given time. These “buckets” may be further divided into individual line items, depending on a company’s policy and the granularity of its income statement. For example, revenue is often split out by product line or company division, while expenses may be broken down into procurement costs, wages, rent, and interest paid on debt. A business owner whose company misses targets might, for example, pivot strategy to improve in the next quarter. Similarly, an investor might decide to sell an investment to buy into a company that’s meeting or exceeding its goals.

Balance sheet example for YYZ Corp. for the year ending Dec. 31, 2020 (in millions)

It also shows whether a company is making profit or loss for a given period. The income statement, along with balance sheet and cash flow statement, helps you understand the financial health of your business. For example, Steam had a profitable year and their assets outweigh their liabilities which puts balance sheet vs income statement them in a strong financial position. The assets on your balance sheet statement show what your company owns at a specific point in time. Current assets are assets that can be quickly converted into cash. Examples of current assets include cash and cash equivalent, inventory, accounts receivable.

Whether you plan on managing your books on your own or plan on hiring an accountant, it is critical to understand how your income statements and balance sheet affect one another. Every time your business makes a financial transaction, it is possible that both your present balance sheet and future income statement can change.